Pieces of equipment are available to apply the following experimental techniques:

  • Laser-Doppler velocimetry (LDV) for point velocity measurements in single-phase and multiphase turbulent.
  • Double-cavity pulsed Nd:YAG lasers for flow visualization and particle image velocimetry (PIV and SPIV) to simultaneously measure three components of the velocity in whole flow areas
  • Phase Doppler anemometer (PDA) system for simultaneous velocity and particle size measurements in diluted dispersions or sprays.
  • Laser diffractometers (Malvern 2600, Mastersizer and Spraytec) to determine particle/droplet size distributions in sprays, dispersions and suspensions.
  • Palnar laser induced fluorescence (PLIF) to measure scalar concentrations.


On the other hand, available numerical techniques are:

  • Stochastic methods (evolution of the probability density function PDF).
  • Direct numerical simulation (DNS) solved with spectral mothods or other alternatives.
  • Averaged methods with closure models (RANS), solved with finite differences or finite volumes (CFD).
  • Finite elements.
  • Large Eddy simulations (LES).
  • Artificial neural networks.