Pieces of equipment are available to apply the following experimental techniques:
- Laser-Doppler velocimetry (LDV) for point velocity measurements in single-phase and multiphase turbulent.
- Double-cavity pulsed Nd:YAG lasers for flow visualization and particle image velocimetry (PIV and SPIV) to simultaneously measure three components of the velocity in whole flow areas
- Phase Doppler anemometer (PDA) system for simultaneous velocity and particle size measurements in diluted dispersions or sprays.
- Laser diffractometers (Malvern 2600, Mastersizer and Spraytec) to determine particle/droplet size distributions in sprays, dispersions and suspensions.
- Palnar laser induced fluorescence (PLIF) to measure scalar concentrations.
On the other hand, available numerical techniques are:
- Stochastic methods (evolution of the probability density function PDF).
- Direct numerical simulation (DNS) solved with spectral mothods or other alternatives.
- Averaged methods with closure models (RANS), solved with finite differences or finite volumes (CFD).
- Finite elements.
- Large Eddy simulations (LES).
- Artificial neural networks.